Tag: summaries and summaries

The Museum as a Process

Andres Desvalles Summary of: Patrician Moura Special Pupil of the Mestrado in Museologia & Patrimony the texts selected for this comparative study are of authorship of two operating professionals in the area of Museums, with diverse works developed for the main entities of studies of the phenomenon Museum, as the ICOM, ICOFOM, COFEM, beyond its academic activities in its countries. Leaving of the text of Desvalles, mainly factual, the author initiates its work identifying the word ‘ ‘ Museologia’ ‘ in diverse languages, as well as its meaning initial ‘ ‘ everything what museu’ is relative; ‘. In 1926 with the creation of the OIM, it is started to think the Museologia and the Museografia to it, but from 1946 it only passed to be understood as ‘ ‘ the Science of the Museus’ ‘. Dating events more current as the creation of a school of Museologia in France still in 1929 (in Brazil this occurs in 1932 thanks to the efforts of Gustavo Barroso) and of the evolution of the area by means of of to think museolgico stimulated for philosophers Czechs, Russians and to follow with the contribution of other icons of the Museolgica Theory points out the creation of the International Entities as the ICOM that from 1946, congregates muselogos of all the parts of the world in an effort to study the phenomenon Museum. In 1963 in the woollen Dicionaire Langue (Robert) she is described as ‘ ‘ Science, techniques that contribute for the conservation, classification and presentation of the workmanships, of objects in museus’ ‘ (trad.

Scanapieco-2011), ignoring the definitions of G.H. Rivire (1958) of Museologia (science that has for goal to study the mission and organization of the museums) and Museografia (joint of techniques in relation with the Museologia). In 1975 with Germain Bazin the thought of Rivire returns, added of the study of the history of the museums, proposal for Bazin- very diverse thought of that it conducted the teachings of the Museologia in the Louvre, where the area if only restricted to the historical study of collections and its management.

Are Cristvo

The edges doVasa Barrels, be situated Are Cristvo with focus of city and of capital, it was the only accumulation of the region with excellent fertile ground and massaps the draining of the production was favorable for the navigability of the river Vasas-Barrel. Long ago, the transference of the Capital and the creation of the cities of Aracaju, Socorro and Itaporanga had modified the number of properties, but the sugar cane continued being agricultural activity more important e, which had to the number of properties, the cattle also gained space. The region of the Cotinguiba was the biggest sugar deposit of the Flag-ship, developing an agriculture in agreement notable the requirements of the foreign market. The villages located in this region presented a good bloom for the urbanization climate. The production of the Cotinguiba livened up the commerce of exportation, being of bigger volume of sales; it was a fertilizada region, mainly Laranjeiras; the area that if detached as producing zone of the Cotinguiba was Amaro Saint of You sprout, with the biggest number of properties, presenting a significant picture of the canavieira culture.

The Sanfranciscana region, was one of the regions that delayed to be part of this sugar picture. The marginal lands of the San Francisco composed the New Village; only at the beginning of century XIX, the expansion of the properties reached the limits of the province of the North, but this region had a vast algodoeira culture. The canavieiras farms had folloied the settling movement all. The king of Spain, made with that Cristovo de Barros, vendesse or distributed with the colonists lands, and these in turn had that to populate the edges of the Real river in ends of century XIX. Per two centuries the lands had almost been in its majority, for the farming of subsistence and creation of cattle; the proprietors had that to pay forum for lands where they planted the sugar cane and they raised its devices.

So Paulo

The world is explained of very simplista form, mainly on the diffusion of the medias that are under domain of small of groups worried only about its interests. The postindustrial society is based on the information and consumption. ' ' The blood of the postindustrial systems is the circuit information-estetizao-erotizao-personalizao' ' (SAINTS 1989, p 30). In what it refers to the politics, the metadiscursos previously were sanctioned, but today mediocre images exist basically and without depth. The candidates if worry more about appearance, its visibility in the medias of what with the commitment with the people. They observe it fall of the great narrative, the great saving promises of the humanity, marks of the one after-modernismo.

In this environment, it is preferred image the object, the copy to the original, simulacro (the reproduction technique) to the Real. That is result, in the culture occidental person, of the search of simulacro perfect of the reality. ' ' To simulate for images as in the TV, that of the o world happening, it means to erase the difference between imaginary Real and, to be and appearance. He is only simulacro passing for real.' ' (SAINTS, 1989, pg.12). With respect to the TV, if on the other hand it distorts or deludes the public, disrespects it and devaluates it in detriment of its commercial interests, on the other hand, is capable to desconstruir preconceptions. The capitalism do not have escrpulos, it does not value nor stimulates the human development worse and: she corrupts it in accordance with and said its actions its interests, at last, not it of the autonomy. After-modernismo it has something of positive: they value, they include and they recognize the diversity as integrant part, shakes points it of preconceptions, knocks down the wall between cultured art and mass art, breaches barriers between sorts, brings in return the new. It is pluralista, considers the convivncia of all the styles, all the times, without hierarchies.

At last, the market is a full cardpio of options and fits to each one to choose what more it pleases to it. With respect to the space and to the time: territories and spaces of being able exist real that they are not to be put off for the understanding of the capitalist development and the global abrangncia. Thus, an evolution of the historical materialism is observed that is the concern with its geography. The materialism is, therefore, an open analysis and dialectic, that the space also values and not only the closed speech. The metateoria is not a total truth, but an attempt to arrive at the historical and geographic truths that characterize the capitalism. Then on the basis of the historical materialism the after-modern condition can be understood as description-geographic condition. The after-modern condition is a perennial evolution. BIBLIOGRAPHY CONNOR, Steven. After-Modern culture. So Paulo, Loyola Editions, 1993. HARVEY, David. Condition after? modern: one searches on the origins of the cultural change. So Paulo: Loyola editions, 1992. JAMESON, Fredric. After-Modernismo. So Paulo, Publishing company Stoke, 1997. SAINTS, Jair. What it is after-Modern. So Paulo, Brasiliense Publishing company, 1989.