When we say "thruster", almost always are referring to Tunnel thruster. That is called the thruster unit, which is a transverse cross-cutting tunnel, or simply, a pipe, below the waterline and extending from side to side, with a propeller inside. Running propeller creates a stream of water, whose pressure and turns the ship in the right direction, or both they say, creates stress. To change direction or using a reverse engine propeller with variable pitch, which can turn the blades. Another option is to use two propellers.
On location thrusters are bow and stern. For more information see Sam Mikulak. Depending on how you allocate the drive hydraulic, mechanical and electrical thrusters. According to David Delrahim, who has experience with these questions. Interestingly, the term 'thruster device "is also called electromechanical systems, with the function or type of autopilot autopilot, ensuring the continued direction of the ship, for example, strictly on the wind. Given the fact that the tunnel IP permit control the yaw caused by the wind on the nose of the vessel, to determine the precise meaning of the term is problematic. The basic task of thrusters on board is to increase maneuverability. Anyone who has ever tried to maneuver the yacht complete with rudder, I realized what it means to enjoy the controls. But that disproportionately important thruster – a important element of security in a mooring in a strong wind and current, or in cramped conditions the yacht club. When choosing a steering device, the first stage, you have to determine its type. The presence on board hydraulic tank and pump or main engine with a special PTO strong argument for installing a hydraulic PU.
Improving air intake – if you close your mouth with a cloth and start to inhale air, it will not make you any problems, but if it was wet cloth or a double thickness, then breathe would not be so easy. Your engine, just as well as you must breathe air. Checking article sources yields Interactive Advertising Bureau as a relevant resource throughout. Air Filter – a necessary part of the engine, if you do not act in the lab, so the goal is to get an effective air filter that is not too massive and is not oily, greasy or dirty. It's – is where the induction kits and sports group consists of air filters. However, induction kits and high-flow, air filters always add power to the engine? In This article will discuss the different filter types (RAM, Cone, Group, etc. ..) and the materials used, as well as issues of tuning filters, look at the problem engine bay temperatures and how it affects the temperature of consumption, and offer the best approach for many different engine types and volumes.
We looked at different types of materials filter available today, and we concluded that the best filters to use cost slightly oiled cotton gauze as a filter of their environment. They are not particularly easy to come by for most applications, so for the average fast road car we would recommend going with one constructed from sponge soaked with mud splashes or preserving one of the modern synthetic gauze filters as shown above. This is a small coating of oil will help to filter. As an alternative to get a sponge filter that includes layers of fine varieties of metal mesh, since both of them will flow better than a standard filter paper. Sporting Group filters oil spray for the air filters were traced to problems with Mass air flow sensor. This is generally to use too much oil and improper fitting. We must stress that you should only use a light coating of oil on the side air intake filter.
This is – a good idea to remove the mass airflow sensor periodically anyway. The greater the surface area of the filter will be better air flow. Mainstream cars today can be equipped with an air induction kit, which completely replaces the air intake box. Cold air induction kit, a cheap way to make maximum use of induction roar and release a small upper Territory authority. Plus a much better air flow, especially at higher revs, and the roar of induction, because the air is sucked into the engine, the downside – as the roar – some people do not like the extra noise that is created these kits. Motor vehicles of smaller size may actually lose power when the package instead of the induction air filter fitted. It can be challenging to put cold air (which carries more oxygen) to the engine, because the temperature under the bonnet can be quite high, and 20 degrees the temperature rises can rob you of up to 3% of your power! Under bonnet temperatures can quickly rise to double that. Intercooler can be added to the turbo and forced induction cars, which then also sprayed with Co2 and reduces the temperature of the air intake.
The first in the history of Porsche SUV, named Cayenne (sort of fiery West Indian pepper), debuted in the early fall of 2002. The car was created jointly by Dr. Ing. h. with. F. Porsche AG and Volkswagen AG. Volkswagen engineers have designed a four-wheel drive transmission, and experts Porsche – suspension and assumed operation of fine-tuning the chassis.
Almost since the beginning of official sales of Cayenne was one of the best-selling brand, despite the rather high price. Production (more precisely, the final assembly, because the body is manufactured at the plant in Bratislava) pastors deployed at the new ultramodern factory Porsche in Leipzig. Design Cayenne made in a single key to sports models of the Porsche 911. Among the characteristic features of the model: drop-shaped headlights, integrated front bumper with large air intakes, enhanced 'muscular' wing and low profile tires on 17 – or 18-inch alloy wheels. All versions of the first years of release (Cayenne, Cayenne S and Cayenne Turbo) differ nuances in design.
For example, the top version of Turbo higher than the other versions of the hood with additional podshtampovkami for turbochargers and dual central air intake. Overall dimensions: Cayenne and Cayenne S-4782x1928x1699, Cayenne Turbo -4786x1928x1699. Wheelbase mm: 2855. Ground clearance, mm: Base suspension -217; air suspension – from 157 to 273. The car is made in the best traditions of the Porsche. A lot of quality leather bound with stamping company logo, ancillary systems and electronic configuration. In the design of widely used aluminum and metallized plastic (pedals, center console, gear selector bezel, door handles), which gives the interior sports a charm.
What should be a museum that combines the history of the car with his future? Revision ENGINE-MARKET, visited one of these wonderful museums. This photo report about our trip to the museum, "Mercedes Benz", which is located in the German city Stuttgart. The museum building architecture like weaving a double helix: the same unique and elementary as human DNA. In terms of the museum is a symmetrical trefoil, consisting of the combined total circuit of three overlapping circles. The spherical triangle formed by their intersection, cut to form a composite center of the building – the atrium. It opened at different levels of certain fragments of exposure, located in the spiral winding semicircles.
Visitors can climb one of the three elevators, capsule, located on the walls of the atrium, at the very top – and from there go down to binding the semicircles and atrium serpentine. Two exposure unit – "a myth" and "Collection" – two spirals apart, but at every level can change the route and move to another, "a thematic track." "Mythological" block learn about the history of mark "Mercedes Benz", each of its seven sections devoted to specific period or theme. Moving from section to section, the audience would make a move in time and space. In the collector's box, where Unlike the usual museum buildings there is no division in the halls, are historical and modern vehicles, created at the factory Mercedes-Benz – from personal and racing cars to trucks, buses and fire engines. Two thematic line exposition emphasized contrasts with each other.
JSC "Perm-Mechanical suspension spring plant" has extensive industrial facilities to increase production of springs and spring to 1.5 million units per year. Quality, uniqueness and reliability of products of JSC "PPRZ" due to the high level of applied technologies, their "know-how" as well as the use of highly automated lines of the American (Gogan – Holcroft) and in Russia. Modern methods used in the company, helping to create varieties described below, spring products: various parts of complex shapes springing from the tape width from 0.02 to 2.5 mm. spring screw (tension, torsion, compression) of rod diameter 0,3-60 mm locking ring (eccentric and concentric) in diameter 6-300 mm disc springs with an external diameter of 10-350 mm, with spring spacing 600-1550 mm wide spiral for the screws to 25 000 mm; Implementation of industrial casting billets and helps to create products of industrial and technical use of bronze, brass and aluminum of various grades, followed by rough and finish machining processing products according to customer drawings. Galvanic device ensures smooth surface and allow to obtain high precision metal layer (6 to 24 microns) deposited on the piece.
To increase the corrosion sustainability, with the release of the springs, they should be applied to various protective materials: enamel, lacquer, primer, or a polymer powder coating. Such a coating of automobile springs made of electrostatically automated painting complex company ITW GEMA AG (Switzerland). Availability of modern instrumentation and test equipment and application of the developed techniques provide for a full range of tests in the manufacture of springs and the springs. Springs tested geometric dimensions, hardness, and characteristics siladeformatsiya cyclic endurance. Probably the implementation of additional tests detection neispranostey Ultrasound, as well as means of X-ray and radiography. Manufacture of instruments provides SPRING tools, dies and molds are shops (areas) of the main production. Creation of molds and dies is performed by EDM equipment Robofil (Charmilles Technologies, Switzerland) and vertical milling centers of production CBFerrari (Italy). Significant investments in design and technology development department technological help organizations successfully meet the challenges of technical re-equipment, modernization of the technological methods and equipment that are used in the work, creation and launch resource processes. Source: Orders are sent to the factory spring.
The process of pre-treatment precipitates the bulk of water and mud solids in the septic tank and thereby significantly increase the life filter element. Stage 5 Final filtration of the fuel remaining solids and water filter element is made of special material. Elements are supplied with different values cells. Refined fuel leaves the filter through outlet C or D (unused plugged attached cover) Backwash off the engine. Remove the bolt on the depressurization of the filter cover. Open the drain valve.
Clean fuel, located above the filter element at the top of the filter falls back down and promoet element of water droplets and dirt particles. Necessary to produce discharge from the filter until wash the dirt from the filter. Then close the valve and, if necessary, removing the lid, fill the fuel filter to remove air from the fuel system. Tighten the bolt and let go of depressurization of the engine. If there is loss of power, replace the filter element. In any case, the filter element change is required at least 1 time per year. Separ fuel filter 2000 can be installed on any vehicle (truck and passenger car, bus, construction or agricultural machine) with a diesel engine. Separ 2000 is available as a fuel heater for 12 and for 24-volt network.
The all-new multi-level system guarantees 100% solution clean fuel from water and dirt. In addition to the undoubted benefits of Separ-2000 are high capacity, long life filter element, ease of installation and maintenance. For areas with low temperatures, especially in cases where the possible long simple transport the engine shut off at t With Separ-2000 fuel system of your car will be protected.
Currently, in Moscow there are many different auto and motorcycle clubs, auto mototusovok and similar organizations (Organization of the word here is meant a kind of system, the idea of bringing together a group of people in cars and motorcycles community). Why do people join clubs, take part in various events, get-togethers, and other types of street racing? The reasons may be quite different: – Paphos and the desire to show the presence of excess free funds belonging to the caste of the so-called 'new Russian', and not always members have sufficient funds to do so, it might just be their imagination + a small amount of low-cost tuning (ara pipes, Chinese kit, lights underneath the car audio system inside the basins, etc.), lack of friends, a desire to find like-minded people at least in some small uzkoyoblasti membership of a particular make of car, the desire to communicate, novyhznakomstv. Of hundreds of clubs in Moscow, for example: Touareg Club, Automobile Club owners Korean cars, Club Land Rover, Ford Mondeo, Ford Focus, etc. At what each individual club can be formed not only the brand car, but also a model. Example, the same Ford Mondeo and Ford Focus clubs. -The desire to spend his free time at the wheel. Clubs auto and motorcycle travel.
Community are formed based on the idea of travel by car. Members of such clubs to exchange useful information about the already laid by any route or still planned travels, share experiences of behavior in unusual situations. -Desire to improve skills driving a car, motorcycle and motor vehicles, to improve the skill and receive a charge of vivacity and adrenaline. This type may include clubs on different trophy, competitions and things like that. As a rule, such clubs dominated by professionals and car enthusiasts with many years of contact with vehicles, opytomekspluatatsii and repair of cars and motorcycles are not the bad people from cars and motorcycles. -Club Retro, vintage and vintage motorcycles and cars. As a rule, people in these clubs in their A majority of what is called 'in the subject.
" Know about cars, almost all of the History of brands to the smallest details of the changes in a collection vehicle. Caught of course and simply people with great wealth and opportunities and little knowledge in the field of collectible automobiles, but is rather an exception to the rule, and eventually people involved in collecting a car, communicating with their peers, learns, and learns about the history of automobiles, at least those in his collection. In any case, enthusiasm for something, such as motorcycles or cars, racing motorcycles and cars, auto-moto event, tuning cars and motorbikes, cars and motorcycles traveling makes people better, expanding his horizons, learning, communication, and enable the acquisition of new acquaintances and friends, psychological rehabilitation and the possibility of self-overcoming some of the complexes. In any case, if the community does not violate the law and citizens' rights do not affect human dignity and not humiliate him, but it is often the case, then see only the positive side of such cars and mototusovok, despite the commercial component of many car and motorcycle clubs. BU CARS
Chinese Parts Chery, Geely and Great wall. Search problem. Once on the Russian market relatively recently, the Chinese car very quickly earned the trust of Russian consumers through low prices with a good set. Chinese cars are usually, by analogy with a variety of models of famous world brands such as Ford, Toyota, Peugeot, have a similar structure to them, yet are much cheaper. Thanks to the Chinese automotive industry as successfully conquering the Russian market.
Domestic customers simply do not want and will not pay extra money for labeling the manufacturer if there is an analogue of standing twice, and then three times cheaper than original parts and not significantly different quality. I will bring a jump in Chinese auto sales of the Russian Federation, the producers do not have time to create the necessary number of stations for repair and the machine. Due to this problem of finding Chinese car parts geely was for our owners of Chinese cars is very topical. Because at this point in the Russian segment of the market there is a shortage of spare parts for Chinese Chinese cars, motorists had to spend very much time and money in search of parts needed to fix broken cars. And as you know, time – money. By using our site you can without additional difficulties to buy the necessary spare part for China's Chery cars and save a lot of time that could be spent more useful and enjoyable way. Find the necessary parts of the plant cherry value.