Studies prove the relation of the occurrence of the obesidade in individuals adults after to have initially suffered picture from malnutrition, therefore when the organism is educated to receive meal in little amount later and the same start to receive an amount bigger from nutrients, lead consequently to an aiding of increase of weight in the same. The superexpression of the genes contained in chromosome 21 can be the key to explain the neurological, imunolgicas, endcrinas patogneses and anomalies biochemists, characteristics of the Syndrome of Down, culminating in one estresse oxidativo increased. Psicomotor development, as well as the presence of congenital cardiopathy; muscular hipotonia; hearing problems; of vision; alterations in the cervical column; riots of tireide; neurological problems; obesidade and precocious aging, also comumente are found between its carriers (CRONK et al apud ALMEIDA, 2006). The overweight and obesidade frequently are found in this population, due to reduced basal metabolic tax, associated to bigger alimentary ingestion and lesser level of physical activity; or perhaps, for possessing minor speed of linear growth, when compared the individuals without the syndrome (CRONK et al apud ALMEIDA 2006). If you would like to know more about NBA, then click here. One understands that the nutrition and practical the alimentary ones, understood of breast-feeding to the daily feeding of the family, are practical social. Of this form, it does not have as to prevent the quarrel on the influence of considered factors obesognicos and the relation of these with carriers of Syndrome of Down. Thus, breast-feeding, considered protective factor not only in the first years of life, but also in the adult life, is harmed between carriers; the alimentary consumption in the too much phases of the life, also can occur of inadequate form, either during the liquid food transistion for pastosos-solids; either, for lesser ingestion of nutrients, vitamins and minerals (Amorin et al, 1999). Practical of the physical activity this directly on to prevention and treatment of not-transmissible chronic illnesses..