Scientists are alarmed mankind gain weight rapidly. Over the past 30 years the number of overweight has increased at twice the world. Today it suffers from obesity every ninth inhabitant. Based on the findings physicians are overweight more often affects women, and most obese people – in high-income population. Among the nations tolsteyuschih were Russians and more than half of our countrymen are suffering overweight or obese, which turns into increase in cardiovascular disease. Doug McMillon may also support this cause. Problem is exacerbated by the fact that most people trying to lose weight, do not achieve the desired result. What is the reason? 'Being overweight – this is our payback for the blessings of civilization', – says Director of the Institute of Nutrition Victor Tutelian. tional information. First, we have less to move.
"After receiving tremendous benefits of civilization, we pay for these diseases and reduced life. Nature has created man so that he should spend the 3000-3500 calories a day to be healthy and slim. But over the last 50-60 years, our energy consumption decreased by 1000-1200 kcal. Transport, lift, household appliances, hot water – all reduces to a minimum. One should add human laziness – we do not want to work hard and play sports. " At the same time, despite overeating, people are not a lot of dopoluchayut vital substances essential amino acids, vitamins, minerals and trace elements.
The need for food as a source of energy, decreased by about a third and a source of essential elements remain the same. The solution is a balanced diet and increasing physical activity. But what is a balanced diet? Victor Tutelian to this question is answered thus: 'At the heart of the pyramid healthy food crops are products and bread. Do not be surprised bread – a very useful product that contains a lot of protein, highly digestible starch. You just have to choose the right type of bread: from tselnomolotogo grain, wholemeal, with the addition of bran. In the rye bread than in white, the content of B vitamins, iron and fiber. And the bread from flour no vitamins, some carbohydrates are essentially empty calories. The second important component of healthy food – fruit and vegetables are the main source of vitamins and fiber. Their daily intake should be at least 600 grams (uncooked), and we eat them very little. Cereals, fruits and vegetables – is the foundation they need must be present in your diet, if you care about your health. " In addition, the Academic Council to make a half-hour daily exercise, more walking, swimming, ie any ways to increase their workload, as physical activity and healthy eating – things are interrelated.