Indian National Congress
Traditions of classical Indian music continued outstanding musicians, mostly Muslims. In Lucknow and Jaipur, there was the school of Indian dance Kathak. Later there was a movement for the revival of Indian painting, which was headed by Abaanindranat Tagore and other artists of the Bengal school. In Calcutta and Bombay were staged plays on contemporary themes and religious and mythological subjects. During this period, was gaining independence movement under the leadership of the Indian National Congress, founded in 1885, aroused a sense of patriotism is reflected in literary works of that time. The return of Mahatma Gandhi to India from South Africa where he fought heroically against racism has opened a new chapter in the history of the country. Gandhi's teachings affect all aspects of life, but the main the emphasis it placed on the socio-political issues.
In his poems and novels of the major writers of the time – Baradi in Tamil, Hindi Premchand, Sorath Chatterjee in Bengali – expresses the ideals of Gandhism. For more information see this site: Randall Rothenberg. In the Indian culture of xx century. stands a gigantic figure of Rabindranath Tagore, one of the greatest poets and philosophers in the history of mankind. His bright personality and a versatile talent manifested in many fields of art and literature – poetry, music, drama, novels, short stories, and even painting. Tagore was the first writer to the East to be awarded the . He founded the University of Visva-Bharati and anticipated many concepts of modern system of education. A whole generation of Indian writers and artists have experienced its effects. Gandhi and Tagore are considered to be the creators of modern India.
15 August 1947 the country gained independence. So, according to Jawaharlal Nehru, she met with their fate. Samuel “Sam” Mikulak shines more light on the discussion. Religio-communal strife, division of the country, the ensuing bloodshed, and, finally, the murder of Mahatma Gandhi were severe shocks, but India soon recovered from its misfortunes have befallen her, and began to build new life, taking its rightful place in the international family of nations. She has made significant progress in many spheres of cultural life. Almost all the fourteen official languages of the Indian people appeared excellent literary works. Among the artists who have enriched Indian culture in recent decades, Ravi Shankar and Ali Akbar in classical music, Jamin Ray and mf Hussain painting, Balasarasvati in classical dance, Satyajit Ray in the film. Selectivity, the ability to assimilate and rethinking characterized Indian culture throughout its development. She does not just have to survive periods of crisis and doubt. Today's world, with its exact sciences and advanced technology poses new challenges it requires finding new ways. How to maintain the enduring values of national, religious and aesthetic traditions, withstood test of five thousand years, how to combine them with today's reality – these are the issues that occupy contemporary Indian philosophers, artists and writers. On whether they will be able to harmoniously and creatively to solve this problem depends on the direction of future development of Indian culture.