Before pointing some questionings regarding education/research in Brazil and emphasizing the importance of the formation, the qualification and the work of the professor in classroom ahead of the contemporaneidade, we go approaching in them more than what this university Reformation by means of the panel of the superior education in current Brazil considered and to comment some of the points most excellent of it for this work that we develop: the evaluation, the autonomy and the regimen politician. The EVALUATION the finalsticos methods that the evaluations of superior education had assumed today are elements that can in giving to a true panorama on the scene of education/research to them. Its mechanisms of control point an evidence of that the private sector walks for the competition with the public university, a time that the calls university centers are if expanding each time more, adjusting its resumes to the necessities of the local market, extending the nocturnal courses, reducing the duration of the superior courses, using themselves of new forms for the admission of new pupils in the courses, a time that LDB/96 left to mention the vestibular contests. Moreover, the quantitative profile of these evaluations seems to direct most of the planning and the activities of the superior courses to prepare the pupil to give them and to have a satisfactory result that can, later, to assist to enter it in the work market and that it can result, also, in a positive analysis regarding the institution in which it studies. In this context, the appropriation and the construction of the universal knowledge assume a secondary role and the value of the knowledge passes to be seen as imediatista, utilitarian and to be located. In the race for the attainment of a satisfactory concept, the university institution finishes for remodelling its plans, taking care of to the demand of the market and reducing the course time e, consequently, offering its pupils what flame of essential knowledge, ' ' basic basket of conhecimento.' ' The research almost inexists and when it exists it is banalizada in detriment of the social problems or located and directed for the utilitarismo that, according to Chau (1996, p.43)) of the value to science for ' ' amount of practical applications that it can allow.